There is an interview (Hebrew) with Malka Puterkovsky, the author of the recently published book on halakhah, in Israel Hayom. The interviewer, Emily Amrusi, asked Puterkovsky many questions and these are some of her comments and answers.
“I am not beholden to any institution, program or training. I went the entire way with excellent teachers, but on my own, as an autodidact, therefore I have freedom of thought. I am not a member of any guild. I don’t have to answer to any rabbi or politician. Some of the rabbis in Israel are out of touch. I heard a rabbi speak very passionately about the effectiveness of conversion therapy for homosexuals. A fiery speech. At the end I looked at him and asked if the honorable rabbi would propose that his daughter marry such a young man. How can you dare voice your opinion without learning the material. Take it upon yourself that you won’t open your mouth about a subject that you don’t believe in.”
“I wrote a multi-year program [for rabbinic ordination], that is appropriate also for mothers. A program for the training of “dovrei halakhah” (Halakhic conversationalists). I’ll take away some of the laws of kashrut [from the curriculum], a rabbi does not have to learn kashrut in detail. He is not a mashgiah kashrut (kosher supervisor). They will learn psychology, sociology, economics. The majority of halakhic questions that I am asked are dependent upon a psychological hurdle. A rabbi must feel the things at the tips of his fingers. He must first be a person of interpersonal relations. Friendly, a good person, desiring to make the world better (tikkun olam).”
Answering a question about what is the difference between her and Reform Judaism: “I follow the principles of halakhic decision making. A halakhic personality (Ish Halakhah) learns the entire chain. I personally am subservient to Torah and my personal life is conducted according to halakhah. This is how we are educating our children. I wear a head covering, despite it being uncomfortable for me. When I enter to speak at the Army Command College people immediately start whispering, ‘Why have you brought this religious woman (dosit).’ A head covering immediately pigeonholes me, but I won’t take it off. That is the difference between me and Reform Jews. I hope that whoever criticizes something that I wrote in my book will do it according to the proper method. That he should explain to me where I made a mistake in the learning.”
Previous posts about Malka Puterkovsky can be found here and here.
Bli Neder, I will have my own copy of Malka Puterkovsky’s new book (see here) on halakhah in a few weeks, but in the meantime one chain of Judaica stores associated with the national-religious community in Israel has found a non-creative way of addressing the issues that the book raises, not selling it. The chain of store Divrei Shir is refusing (Hebrew) to sell Puterkovsky’s book. This news item actually began as a post in the important Facebook group Halakhic Feminists and from there it seems to have migrated to an internet news site for the national-religious community.
Every book store can choose which books to sell and which not to sell, and those looking for the book it is apparently available in many of the general bookstores such as Steimatzky and Tzomet Sefarim.
Anyone interested in the book should also read Tomer Persico’s comments (Hebrew) about it.
In a few weeks, the smallnumber of halakhic works that have been written by women will be increased by one when a new book on halakhah by Malka Puterkovsky will be published.
During the past few weeks an interesting discussion has been going on about what title should be used for Puterkovsky. Is she a rabbanit? An eishet halakhah? The discussion surrounding how she should be described on her Wikipedia page has left the confines of Wikipedia. There has been discussion on social networks, an article (Hebrew) on a popular Israeli Internet site for the religious public, and now there has been a discussion about it on Israel Radio. The radio spot can be listened to below: (Hebrew)
In addition, last year Puterkovsky was interviewed on a popular Israeli radio program and that interesting interview (Hebrew) can be found below:
I have addressed the issue of titles used for women in the Israeli Orthodox community here, and it will be interesting to see how this discussion continues.
Update: Here is a picture from the book launch via Facebook.
Ever wanted to know the answer to some deep and challenging questions in halakhah (Jewish law)? Join R. Avi Killip interviewing R. Ethan Tucker with questions sent in by Yeshivat Hadar alumni on all sorts of details of Jewish law. In this episode:
1. For someone who works night-shifts, how should they go about doing the morning prayers? Should they aim to get up in the middle of their sleep even if it is unhealthy? Or is there flexibility in doing the morning prayer at another time, or somehow catching up on what was missed?
2. There is a halakhic concept known as karov l’malkhut, giving dispensation for some Jews to avoid some of the classic restrictions of making Jews distinct from non-Jews. How does this still apply in the modern day? Does this concept even apply in democratic and multi-cultural America?
3. There is a mitzvah of tevilat keilim (the immersing of utensils in the mikveh / ritual bath) for bowls and such bought from non-Jews. But now, when most if not all of our utensils are mass-produced and bought from corporations, does this miztvah even apply?
4. Is it permissable to perform a show on shabbat assuming that there are no direct violations of shabbat for that person? How do factors such as who is coming?, are the audience paying?, are the actors being paid? fit into thinking about this question? Does it matter which profession is being pursued?
This summer I am in Israel, so the current situation is occupying me quite a lot recently. If you are interested in reading more politically oriented commentary of mine, you can follow me on Twitter. That being said, I decided that politics had to make an appearance on this blog at the present time.
There are few people in the world who have devoted so much time to researching and getting to know Hamas than the Israeli journalist Shlomi Eldar. He has probably spent more time with Hamas leaders than any other journalist and has authored one of the most important books on the history and politics of Hamas, להכיר את חמאס. The book is available for purchase in America here and in Israel here. Since last summer Eldar has been a visiting scholar at the Wilson Center, so you may be able to see him being interviewed on American TV. He is also a columnist at Al-Monitor, and you can find his recent columns here.
I highly recommend Eldar’s analysis for two reasons: 1. Very few people know as much about Hamas as he does; 2. He has been critical of Israel in the past and has written about mistakes that he thinks Israel has made; 3. Anyone familiar with his work would have difficulty saying that he does not care about the Palestinians living in Gaza.
That being said, below are two interviews that he recently gave to the Israeli radio station Galei Tzahal. In both of them Eldar claims that while different options may have been available in the past, at present, the best course of action for Israel is to hit Hamas hard enough militarily that it will be unable to continue to rule in Gaza. He is aware of all of the counter arguments and the tragic human cost of the continued fighting, but he feels that given the current reality on the ground, this is Israel’s best option. The interviews are in Hebrew, but his ideas can be found in English inthesecolumns.
If you are having trouble with the embedded audio, they can be listened to here and here.
Update: Here is another interview with Eldar from Israel Radio-Reshet Bet.
The Chabad-Lubavitch Library in Brooklyn has opened an exhibition of rare Hebrew manuscripts and books, Ginzei Seforim. Among the gems that are on display are the following pages from Rashi on the Torah and an edition of the Talmud that were printed in Spain before the expulsion.
Information about the exhibition and visiting hours can be found here. This exhibition has some very rare items that should not be missed.
The book Reconstructing the Talmud is a wonderful introduction to the modern study of Talmud. It includes analyses of Talmudic sugyot, showing how the use of modern critical tools helps us to better understand the Talmudic text. It will be available on Amazon very soon.